Course Overview

Slagmaking is the most significant process in steelmaking due to theirwide influencenot only on the final purity of steel but also on energy consumption, metallic yield, refractory wear and otherimportant aspectsof the overall steelmaking process. Slags play multiple roles and each role involvespractical and fundamental aspects that need to be properly understood in order to guarantee the production of high quality steelsat high rates.


Alberto N. Conejo: Professor at the University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB) in China. Previously Professor at Morelia Technological Institute in México for 30 years. He worked as a consultant for several steel plants in México for more than 20 years. Received several awards including the 2010/2011 National award from the Steel Chambers Association for his work on slag foaming, the 2005 Michoacán state award on Technology for his work on optimization of EAF metallurgical practices and the 2002 Charles W. Briggs award from the Iron and Steel Society in the USA for best research in the Electric Arc Furnace. Since 2017 is member of the editorial board of Metallurgical Research and Technology. He has provided training to the steel industry for more than 1500 men-hours.

Learning Outcomes

Consists of the following:

  • This course will provide with an overall knowledge of ferrous metallurgical slags.
  • After the course you will have an understanding of the fundamental principles and practical aspects of slagmaking.
  • After the course you will be able to provide ideas to improvethe current metallurgical practices in your steel shop.

Course Program

This program includes:

  1. Introduction
  2. Physiochemical properties of slags
  3. Structure of slags
  4. Basicity
  5. Experimental thermodynamic activity of slag components
  6. Slags theories and models
  7. Application problems using slag models
  8. Refractory-slag interaction
  9. Effect of slag composition on steel cleanliness
  10. Slag foaming
  11. Ironmakingand ladle furnace slags
  12. Steelmaking slags
  13. Continuous casting fluxes
  14. Design of slag composition
  15. Slag Recycling

Who should attend

Engineers (process engineers, production engineers, quality control engineers, etc.) and management involved in EAF steelmaking, students of metallurgy, lecturers in metallurgy, suppliers of raw materials and equipment

Course Venue

This program can be offered in three places:

  • University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB)
  • School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering
  • 30 Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100083 P. R. China

Course Venue

There are two short courses:

  • Short course I (16 hours): This course is an introduction to slag making
  • Short course II (40 hours): This course covers in more detail slagmaking based on the technical program outlined before.


The course fees are as follows:

  • 16 hours: Upon Request
  • 40 hours: Upon Request

Includes: USB with lecture notes, welcome reception, a souvenir, lunches and coffee breaks.